The below write-up is as is from Princess Oforiwaa Asamoah of Ngleshie Amanfrom Senior High School. It is the ONLY entry in the Young Writers’ Mini Scholarship which closed on April 30th, 2016. I was so excited about the entry that I stopped what I was doing and decided to upload it. In effect she has won the competition!!!
Please review the entry and let us know what you think. Does she deserve it?
Africa is known to be the world’s second largest continent after Asia, covering about one-fifth of the total land surface of the earth. Africa contains an enormous wealth of minerals. Despite all these, Africa still needs capable and responsive political leaders willing to behave in a democratic and accountable manner. The future as always is shrouded in uncertainty. Hopefully, many of the trends that will determine Africa’s future prospects are already visible today. Growth is known to be inclusive when we create economic opportunities. Unless we find ways to promote inclusive growth, then growth in itself may become a source of instability in Africa. In 2060, I see Africa develop and grow socially, economically, agriculturally, technologically, and politically.
To start with, population is likely to reduce in 2060 due to literacy and low birth rates. The birth rate in many African countries is declining due to high literacy rate. Africans are no more giving birth to many children as compared to years ago due to education and other social factors like professions among others. From how I see it, resources will not be less than the number of people living in a country and thus making the government to spend less as compared to when the people are more than the resources available. The number of unemployed people will be less in 2060, inflation might also be low. Usually, inflation occurs when more money chases fewer goods or when the cost of production is higher pushing prices up. With less people in Africa, demand in goods and services will be low which will in turn make the cost of production low but quality. From my personal view, I think Africa can also be under populated due to the low birth rate since primary, secondary and higher-level education continues to increase and literacy rate are expected to reach 96 percent in 2060.
In 2060, Africa’s agricultural sector may decline both in relative and absolute importance. There might be less reliance on agriculture. Climate change could destroy West Africa’s cocoa farms and affect domestic and international economies, experts say. In 2060, more than half of the cocoa producing countries in the region may be too hot to produce the crop, unless agricultural specialist and scientist are able to engineer a drought- resistant cocoa tree. Otherwise, the international market will see a significant increase in the prices of cocoa causing West African countries to experience a spike in poverty, drug trafficking and food riots. There will be significant decrease in suitable rain fed-land and in production of cereals. Africa’s current mines are likely to get stripped of their assets. It is possible that Africa’s economic growth could decline every year due to the effect of climate change on farming.
Also, the collection of techniques, skills, methods and processes used in the production of goods and services which happens to be technology is likely to advance in 2060. Africa will need substantial investment to ensure strong and sustainable growth. I think the ability to take advantage of new technologies will depend largely on human capital, a skilled workforce and the adoption of new technologies. In 2060, I see Africa producing their own automobiles, building more infrastructures and improvement in our transportation and telecommunication sectors.
Furthermore, there is a broad consensus on the political challenges faced by Africa. The demand for accountable and effective governments that can address the demands of the growing competition for resources and new pressures on the environment but far less agreement on the solutions. In 2060, politics is likely to get messier with the growing power of non-state actors, the lobbyists and civic activists who will be putting pressure on the government. In some ways, African political leaders are further apart as they enter a second decade of the 21st century than they were in the heady final days of the anti-colonial struggle some 50 years ago. Although most analysts reckon that Africa will make its great demographic leap forward over the next 50 years comfortably overtaking the population of China and India, the forecasters are far less certain about the prospect for African economies.
The interactions between the ozone layer and climate have been subjects of discussion ever since the early 1970s when the Scientists first suggested that human produced chemicals could destroy our ozone shield in the upper atmosphere. Ozone’s impact on climate consists primarily on changes in temperature. The discussion was intensified in the year 1985 when Scientists discovered an ozone hole in the atmosphere (stratosphere). The ozone layer is known to protect us from harmful rays. If we keep polluting our continent, the ozone layer will die out on us. In 2060, if our continent is still being polluted, the air could leave us and all of Africa including the other continents will lose its civilization and its population. If the air disappears as a result of polluting the ozone layer, all the life on earth will die or be extinct. All of the land fill will come out of the ground and destroy towns. The land fill could also get into our water and poison thousands. If the ozone layer continues to be polluted, in the year 2060 all things will turn to plastics. If the atmosphere dies out the sun could make serious sun rays that will burn us up. Animals could be killed by our trash. The amount of trash our earth holds is very heavy and it’s not great. In 2060, if we are able to protect are forest and stop felling trees, it will help protect us from all these possible pollutions and health risk.
To draw the curtains, In the year 2060 urbanization will accelerate that means the number of Africans who will reside in cities will increase putting significant pressure on infrastructure and this will cause challenges to basic delivery services and access to land. Communication in Africa will boost in the year 2060 making people to be more informed because of the use of mobile phones and internet services which will intent reduce psychological impact on people who have migrated to other places. It will be easier for their family and friends to stay in touch with them whiles they are away. Climate change will cause a strain in agricultural produce and African countries will make more discoveries in major minerals although some of the mines in Africa will be stripped of their assets. Governments in Africa will be held more accountable in their service to their various countries which will help curb poverty and corruption in 2060.
This is how I see Africa by the year 2060.
She has shown herself a true Princess. Watch this space as I will be posting her review of Njansi very soon. 🙂